The Encyclopedia is a project of the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights launched on 2 December 2013. The Enyclopedia aims to provide accurate, up-to-date information on weapons, the effects of their use, and their regulation under public international law, in a format that is accessible to non-specialists.+ Find out more
Many treaties and rules of customary international law make up the corpus of IHL. The best known treaties are the four 1949 Geneva Conventions and the two 1977 Additional Protocols. There are also many weapons-specific treaties, such as the 1868 Saint Petersburg Declaration (on exploding bullets), the 1899 Hague Declaration (IV, 3) concerning expanding bullets, the 1925 Geneva Protocol, and the 1980 Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCCW) and its annexed protocols.
In its landmark study of customary international humanitarian law, published in 2005, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) identified 17 customary IHL rules that govern weapons directly.
Last updated on: 30 November 2013